How students can write an essay on science and technology

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Essay writing is diverse in academia, especially if such papers are on science and technology. When writing essays on science and technology, students should focus on various elements. Meeting them increases the chances of scoring a high grade. However, that’s often easier said than done, as students have many other assignments to complete. Since essay writing tends to drain plenty of time, many ask, “How can I write an impeccable essay on science and technology?” Professionals from WritingCheap put together a step-by-step guide on writing such a paper.

Understand the topic

Understanding the topic plays a critical role in the paper’s success. Before taking any action, you should learn the main question. Carefully read the topic and find out its meaning. Also, pay close attention to keywords. Knowing them will put you in the right direction. Some action words are: criticize, determine, analyze, compare and contrast, argue, explain, describe, refute, and more.

Carry out research and find relevant sources

Papers on science and technology heavily rely on credible data. Therefore, it is pivotal to research the area and find relevant sources. First and foremost, start with research. Look into trends that prevail in a branch of science and technology you focus on. This way, not only will you enrich your knowledge of the topic, but you will also manage to find sources and include them in your paper. Also, remember to double-check their reliability beforehand. That is, look at the domain of the website. If a web page ends with .edu or .gov, a source is authoritative.

Lastly, keep in mind the number of allowed sources to use stated in the requirements. The requirements often contain information about the sources, word count, structure, and format. They have a significant weight in your grade, so ignoring them will do you no good. Sometimes, though, the requirements may not provide info about sources. In this case, apply a good rule of thumb – one source per academic page.

Come up with crucial ideas

Papers on science and technology are always insightful, so coming up with exciting ideas is a must. In this instance, brainstorming techniques will come in handy. They will help you develop unique concepts and thus make your paper original and involving. Luckily, numerous brainstorming methods exist nowadays, so you can choose the one that increases your productivity the most. One of the most effective techniques are:

  • Rapid ideation
  • Clustering
  • Listing
  • Freewriting
  • Mind mapping

Create a laundry list

The next step of successful science and technology essay writing is creating an outline. Mapping out significant points of every section will not only make your paper coherent, comprehensive, and readable, but it will also reduce the time writing the entire work. Outlining is simple because it doesn’t require following a specific structure (unless your teacher asks to submit it along with the essay). That’s why you can write it however you want: by summarizing key points in the form of plain text, breaking down such information into paragraphs, or creating bullet points. We suggest following the latter, as bullet points are easy to make.

Follow the right structure

Of all the elements a good essay should contain, the structure is the most critical. Papers with no structure are instantly rejected, regardless of the content they might provide. It should also be noted that every academic institution reserves the right to set unique rules as to the format and structure, so it is crucial to learn them before writing an essay.

However, it doesn’t necessarily mean that every school has a set of rules different from widely accepted academic standards. Educational institutions often require meeting a typical structure. If your school is no exception, your two-page essay will comprise the following components:


The introduction is the paper’s first paragraph. It aims to spark the reader’s attention, provide information to help the audience understand why the topic is important, and enumerate the central ideas or argument the complete essay will develop. When writing a paper on science and technology, ensure your introduction has these elements:

  • Hook: An opening sentence designed to lure the audience into reading the essay. It can be a joke, misconception, or fact.
  • Background information: Its primary purpose is to help the reader know some background of the topic.
  • Thesis statement: Provides the main concepts that the body paragraphs will develop. Also, it usually ends the introduction.


Like any other paper, the body part in a science and technology essay develops points stated in a thesis statement. A typical paper usually includes three or four paragraphs in the central part. In turn, each section has:

  • Topic sentence: It usually addresses the point in a thesis.
  • Evidence and explanation: Provides credible data and explains its relevance to the topic.
  • Conclusion and transition: Wrap up the essential information and smoothly move to the next section.


The last section concludes the essay and motivates the reader to take specific actions. A conclusion comprises:

  • Rephrased thesis: The writer restates the thesis by using different words.
  • Recap: Concludes the major points.
  • Call to action: Tells the readers what to do. Can motivate the audience to run a discussion, keep researching the topic, etc.

Cite correctly

Academic writing requires everyone to be accurate, particularly when it comes to references. There are several formatting styles used within disciplines. For example, MLA (Modern Language Association) is for students and scholars of language and literature. APA (American Psychological Association) is for people of social sciences. Make sure to follow the appropriate format when writing an essay on science and technology.

Edit thoroughly

Remember to edit your work once you draft it. Editing is a demanding process, yet it doubles the chances of getting a high grade:

  1. Look at grammar and punctuation issues. When you correct them, check if your thesis statement corresponds with the central part.
  2. Read your essay out loud, highlight parts that sound unnatural, and correct them.
  3. Use plagiarism detection tools to screen your work.

Once you polish your paper, submit it and expect to get the highest mark.